On 22 October 2019, the House of Commons agreed, by 329 votes to 299, to give a second reading to the revised withdrawal agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month), but when the accelerated timetable it had proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support, Johnson announced that the law would be overturned.   The agreement provides for a transitional period that extends to at least 31 December 2020. During this period, the UK will remain in the EU customs union and internal market, and most of the EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK, but the UK will lose the opportunity to participate in EU legislation and the benefits of free trade agreements with third countries. In order for the UK to continue to benefit from these free trade agreements during the transition period, it will need the agreement of the EU and all third countries. In practice, trade in goods and services between the EU and the UK will therefore remain broadly unchanged during the transitional period. The UK will be able to enter into trade agreements with third countries; However, the customs union would significantly reduce the UK`s ability to have very different trade relations with them, particularly with regard to products. There would be more opportunities for the UK to offer different conditions for trade in services and sectors such as public procurement. Holders of protected geographical indications in the EU at the end of the transitional period have the right to use the uk geographical indication without verification and enjoy a „at least equivalent level of protection“ as provided for by the existing EU scheme. However, this only applies „until a future agreement between the EU and the UK enters into force and enters into force. If the withdrawal agreement is approved, an EU law (withdrawal agreement) will be introduced to implement the withdrawal agreement in UK law. In addition to the library`s briefing paper, the manual for judicious voting, this document contains an updated report on national constitutional requirements for ratification of the withdrawal agreement. During the transitional period, the UK and the EU-27 will seek to conclude the agreement that will strengthen their trade relations after the end of the transition period.
On the basis of the revised political declaration, the EU and the United Kingdom appear to be aiming for a comprehensive but „classic“ free trade agreement for goods, services and investment. The political statement is thin in detail, but trade in goods will be based on a free trade agreement that will at least guarantee that there will be no tariffs or quotas, as well as some degree of regulatory alignment with the EU. However, as a result of the free trade agreement, customs controls are required, requiring each party to prove that the goods originate from their respective customs territory, in order to obtain duty-free treatment. This means that the UK and the EU-27 must now agree on detailed rules of origin. This is probably a complex and tedious process. At least companies need to think about the rules of origin they want for different products and start putting pressure on them as soon as the UK and eu start negotiating the new free trade agreement. It is encouraging to note that the scope of the future trade regime appears to encompass services, including financial services and investment (although the agreement is in turn very detailed) and that it provides assurance that the agreement on future relations will offer a liberalisation of trade in services well beyond the obligations of the United Kingdom and the WTO. The WAB agrees to withdraw Boris Johnson, which is a draft international treaty, into British law and gives the government permission to ratify it. The VA initially establishes a „transitional period“ during which the UK officially left the EU (March 29, 2019), but has always freed itself from EU laws and regulations and needs time to adopt its own alternative measures.