Peter Navarro, director of the White House Office of Trade and Manufacturing Policy, said tariffs were „purely defensive measures“ to reduce the trade deficit.  It says that the cumulative billions of dollars that Americans transfer abroad as a result of annual deficits are then used by these countries to buy U.S. assets, unlike the investment of that money in the United States. these billions of dollars are in the hands of foreigners who can then use them to buy America.  The U.S.-China trade agreement, signed Wednesday by President Donald Trump and Chinese Vice Premier Liu He, provides a withdrawal clause for both countries if a dispute cannot be resolved through high-level talks. This is one of the many details of the agreement of 86. Here are some other strengths of the pact: the agreement cancels tariffs that came into force on December 15, 2019 and which would have had an impact on massive imports from China, such as mobile phones, toys and laptops. He also reaffirmed Mr. Trump`s commitment to the customs union1. September 2019 from 15 percent to 7.5 percent of Chinese products worth $120 billion, including flat-screen TVs, Bluetooth headphones and shoes. However, other tariffs remain.
These include 25% U.S. tariffs on $250 billion worth of Chinese products and China`s retaliatory duties on U.S. products worth $110 billion. According to U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, the Phase 2 trade agreement, which was put on the market at the end of the first agreement, removes additional tariffs. A summary of the tariffs instituted by the two countries can be found in the table below. The trade war between China and the United States (Chinese: 贸易战; Pinyin: Zhéngméi Méoyzhén) is a persistent economic conflict between China and the United States. In 2018, President Donald Trump began imposing tariffs and other trade barriers against China, in an effort to force China to change what the United States calls „unfair trade practices“ and theft of intellectual property.  The Trump administration has stated that these practices may contribute to the U.S.-China trade deficit and that the Chinese government requires the transfer of U.S. technology to China.  In response to U.S. trade measures, the Chinese government accused the Trump administration of protectionism.
 On 15 January 2020, the two sides agreed to a phase 1 agreement, but tensions remained high. Globally, foreign direct investment has slowed.  The trade war has damaged the European economy, particularly Germany, although trade relations between Germany and China, as well as between Germany and the United States, remain good.  The Canadian economy is also having a negative impact.  As the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Japan and South Korea have shown „low production“ from 2019.  Several Asian governments have put in place stimulus measures to repair the damage caused by the trade war, although economists have said it may not be effective.  Other Republican senators have made more mixed statements. Mitch McConnell said „no one wins a trade war,“ but there is hope that the tactic „puts us in a better position vis-à-vis China.“ John Cornyn said: „If that`s what it takes to get a good deal, I think people are going to be hanged from it, but at some point you`ll have to solve it. If it lasts a long time, everyone realizes he`s playing with a live grenade.  Joni Ernst said in May 2019 that „tariffs hurt farmers“ but that they „want us to find a way forward with China“ and said, „We hope to reach an agreement quickly.“  Trade war is a common topic on Chinese social networks, with a popular Internet meme that refers to Thanos, a Marvel Comics villain and Marvel Cinematic Univer